Guideline recommended treatment to targets of cardiovascular risk is inadequate in patients with inflammatory joint diseases


© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Objectives: Patients with inflammatory joint diseases (IJD) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our goal was to examine indications for, and use of, lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) and antihypertensive treatment (AntiHT) in patients with IJD. Furthermore, to investigate the frequency of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and blood pressure (BP) goal attainment among IJD patients. Methods: The cohort was derived from the NOrwegian Collaboration on Atherosclerosis in patients with Rheumatic joint diseases (NOCAR). Indications for AntiHT were: systolic/diastolic BP ≥ 140/90 mm Hg, self-reported hypertension or AntiHT. CVD risk was estimated by the systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE) algorithm. LDL-c goals were textless2.6 mmol/L in case of diabetes, total cholesterol textgreater 8 mmol/L or a SCORE estimate ≥ 5%, and textless1.8 mmol/L for those with established CVD or SCORE ≥ 10%. Comparisons across IJD entities were performed using age and sex adjusted logistic regression. Results: In total, 2277 patients (rheumatoid arthritis: 1376, axial spondyloarthritis: 474, psoriatic arthritis: 427) were included. LLT and AntiHT were indicated in 36.1% and 52.6% of the patients, of whom 37.6% and 47.0% were untreated, respectively. LDL-c and BP targets were obtained in 26.2% and 26.3%, respectively. Guideline recommended treatment and/or corresponding treatment targets were not initiated or obtained in approximately 50%. Rheumatoid arthritis patients were particularly likely to be undertreated with LLT, whereas hypertension undertreatment was most common in psoriatic arthritis. Conclusions: Inadequate CVD prevention encompasses all the three major IJD entities. The unmet need for CVD preventive measures is not only prevalent in RA, but exists across all the major IJD entities.

International Journal of Cardiology